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“Snowflakes aren’t the only particles that will be falling in Downtown Pittsburgh this Christmas. A digital piece of artwork of a cascading waterfall of bright blues, pale yellows and shimmery particles will light up the outside of the Benedum Center on Penn Avenue until the end of December.”
 
“People walking along the sidewalk in front of the piece on Saturday night glanced up at it and its projector casually, but were more than likely unsure about the message behind it. Or unaware that at any given moment it could burst into orange and red flames. Those colors come as a result of pollutants in the air.”
 
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: Particle Falls Sheds Light On Pollution

The Heinz Endowments’ Breathe Project today launches artist Andrea Polli’s Particle Falls, a captivating digital-media installation that provides a real-time visualization of air quality.
 
At a time of year when Downtown Pittsburgh is aglow with holiday lights that raise our spirits, the dazzling lights of Particle Falls are designed to raise public awareness about one of the city’s persistent challenges — air pollution.
 
Particle Falls, a video projection measuring approximately 60 feet by 20 feet, will illuminate the Benedum Center façade in the 700 block of Penn Avenue at Tito Way after dusk each night through Dec. 31. The projection features cascading “falls” of blue light overlaid with spots of color that represent fine particulate matter in the air detected in real-time by a monitor across the street. Fine particulate matter, also known as soot, is a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets that measure just 1/30th the width of a human hair. More bright spots over the falls indicate more particles in the air.
 
“Pittsburgh ranks among the worst 10 percent of U.S. cities for average annual particle pollution, and our region lags far behind most areas in attaining federal standards,” said Phil Johnson, interim director of the Endowments’ Environment Program and director of the Breathe Project, a broad-based coalition working to improve air quality in southwestern Pennsylvania. “We felt it was important to bring Particle Falls to a busy Downtown corridor to engage the community in conversation about this problem and how we can work together toward solutions.”
 
Sources of fine particle pollution in the Pittsburgh region include cars, trucks, buses, trains, barges, construction, industrial facilities, power plants and residential wood burning. It is linked to a long list of serious health problems from cradle to grave, including asthma, heart and lung disease, cancer, adverse birth outcomes and even premature death. Exposures in Downtown Pittsburgh can be especially acute, as the rows of tall buildings create an urban canyon that traps air pollution.
 
Particle Falls was conceived and designed by digital-media pioneer Andrea Polli, associate professor of art and ecology at the University of New Mexico. Pittsburgh is the fourth city to host the temporary public artwork, made possible by a $62,500 grant from The Heinz Endowments. The artwork made its debut in 2008 in San Jose, Calif. Pittsburgh is the first city to use the air quality data generated by the installation for research through a partnership with scientists at the Center for Atmospheric Particle Studies at Carnegie Mellon University. Production support is being provided by the Office of Public Art and Flyspace Productions.
 
“It’s important to become more aware of what’s happening with our air, and to talk about it,” Polli said. “As an artist, I felt the best way to promote this dialogue was to take air pollution, something negative, and present it as a thing of beauty. I wanted to create a place that was beautiful and enjoyable to visit, but also to present particulate pollution, which is very problematic.”
 
Particle Falls will be open until midnight, rain or shine, through New Year’s Eve. The Office of Public Art will be on-site Tuesday and Friday evenings from 6 to 7 p.m. to provide interpretation of the artwork. Please note Particle Falls will be closed on Nov. 27 and Dec. 24-25.
 
On Dec. 13 from 4 to 6 p.m., an artist lecture and panel discussion will be held at the Trust Arts Education Center, 805-807 Liberty Ave., Downtown. Polli will talk about the process and technology behind Particle Falls and then join a panel discussion about air quality and public health. This event is made possible with the assistance of the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. To register for this free event, visit publicartpittsburgh.org or call 412-391-2060, ext. 237.
 
For more information about the project and related events, visit pittsburghartplaces.org/particlefalls.

 
Students in 10 southwestern Pennsylvania counties have the opportunity to show how they could help improve the region’s air quality by participating in the 5th Annual “Let’s Clear the Air Poster Challenge” sponsored by the Southwest Pennsylvania Air Quality Partnership and Pennsylvania Resources Council.
 
All schools in southwestern Pennsylvania (Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, Westmoreland, and new this year, Greene, Indiana and Lawrence counties) are invited to participate. The topic of the competition will be promoting clean air and alternative transportation.
 
The contest will involve students in grades 4–12 at public, parochial and private schools. Students will learn about ground-level ozone, energy conservation, ways to avoid exposure to air pollution and other topics.
 
In the spring, the winning posters will be displayed at local venues including shopping malls, hospitals and government buildings, as well as posted online. Top winners from each category will win a bicycle, a $100 gift certificate for their teachers to a school supply story and an Air Quality Magic Show assembly for the school.
 
For more information call PRC at 412-773-7156 or visit www.prc.org/posterchallenge.html.
 
Last year, more than 3,500 students attending 48 area schools participated in the poster contest.

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The Green Workplace Challenge is back again for another year of exciting competition! If you work for a business, nonprofit, college or university, local government, or a K-12 school in southwestern Pennsylvania, sign up today to start saving money and gaining recognition for energy savings and other green initiatives that add up to cleaner air in the Pittsburgh region.
 
The GWC is a free competition for organizations to track and measure performance in the areas of energy, water, waste and transportation. Every action adds up to big impact. Since 2011, for example, participants saved $7.4 million in energy and enough water to fill Heinz Field 13 feet deep!
 
Everyone is invited to attend the GWC kickoff event on October 29 at Phipps Conservatory. Register at www.gwcpgh.org. The deadline to sign up for the competition is January 31, 2015.

Pennsylvania’s most polluting biomass energy facilities are identified in an online map and searchable database released today by the Partnership for Policy Integrity. Funded by The Heinz Endowments, the database provides information on pollution emissions, pollution controls and permit renewal dates for companies burning wood or other biomass for fuel. The database and a report summarizing its findings are available at http://www.pfpi.net/bioenergy-in-pennsylvania.
 
“Biomass continues to be subsidized and promoted in Pennsylvania as so-called ‘clean’ energy, while the reality is that biomass burners can emit as much soot, toxins and other air pollutants into local communities as a similarly sized coal-fired burner,” said Mary Booth, director of PFPI and the author of the report. “There is no better time than ‘National Bioenergy Day’ (October 22) for people to learn the extent to which taxpayer dollars have been wasted on this highly polluting industry.”
 
The database contains information on more than 100 air permits for biomass energy and wood pellet manufacturing facilities in Pennsylvania. Many of the facilities in the database are sawmills and other wood manufacturing facilities with biomass boilers that are allowed to emit as much or more air pollution as a same-sized coal- or oil-fired boiler.
 
The report includes information on the more than $69 million in federal and state subsidies and loans that was allocated in recent years for biomass-burning and wood pellet manufacturing facilities in Pennsylvania. The investigation found that of 38 companies that received support, 19 either no longer exist or have not yet received an operating permit. It is not clear what happened to the funding in these cases.
 
The PFPI report found that almost all biomass burners installed in recent years, including those at businesses, schools, and other institutions that have received grants and loans from the State, have permits that allow them to emit as much pollution as the older industrial biomass burners. Many are located in counties that currently do not meet air quality standards for particulate matter and ozone, and which have elevated rates of asthma in school-age children. Economic modeling highlighted in the report shows that each additional ton of particulate matter pollution emitted by these poorly controlled facilities can impose hundreds of thousands of dollars in health and environmental costs, with financial impacts greatest in counties that already have degraded air quality.
 
“These results tell a dismal story about Pennsylvania air permitting and the lax standards that allow even small biomass burners to be very polluting,” Booth said. “Adding to the problem, the state is subsidizing highly polluting biomass burners to the tune of hundreds of thousands of dollars, even in counties where air pollution is already bad. Subsidizing this polluting technology is a waste of public funds, but if the state continues to award such grants, it should at least require facilities to reduce their toxic emissions.”
 
The PFPI report links to guidance from an allied environmental group, Pennsylvania’s Clean Air Council, that helps citizens comment on air permits to the Pennsylvania DEP. The Council has done extensive legal work to reduce pollution from commercial and residential wood-burning.
 
“The adverse health impacts of wood smoke are significant,” said Joseph Otis Minott, executive director of Clean Air Council. “The PFPI database is a great tool that impacted residents can use to take action in their community to protect their air quality.”
 

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were more likely to have been exposed to higher levels of certain air toxics during their mothers’ pregnancies and the first two years of life compared to children without the condition, according to the preliminary findings of a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health investigation of children in southwestern Pennsylvania.
 
This research, funded by The Heinz Endowments, will be presented today at the American Association for Aerosol Research annual meeting in Orlando, Fla.
 
“Autism spectrum disorders are a major public health problem, and their prevalence has increased dramatically,” said Evelyn Talbott, Dr.P.H., principal investigator of the analysis and professor of epidemiology at Pitt Public Health. “Despite its serious social impact, the causes of autism are poorly understood. Very few studies of autism have included environmental exposures while taking into account other personal and behavioral risk factors. Our analysis is an addition to the small but growing body of research that considers air toxics as one of the risk factors for ASD.”
 
Dr. Talbott and her colleagues performed a population-based study of families with and without ASD living in six southwestern Pennsylvania counties. The researchers found links between increased levels of chromium and styrene and childhood autism spectrum disorder, a condition that affects one in 68 children.
 
“This study brings us a step closer toward understanding why autism affects so many families in the Pittsburgh region and nationwide – and reinforces in sobering detail that air quality matters,” said Grant Oliphant, president of The Heinz Endowments. “Our aspirations for truly becoming the most livable city cannot be realized if our children’s health is threatened by dangerous levels of air toxics. Addressing this issue must remain one of our region’s top priorities.”
 
Autism spectrum disorders are a range of conditions characterized by social deficits and communication difficulties that typically become apparent early in childhood. Reported cases of ASD have risen nearly eight-fold in the last two decades. While previous studies have shown the increase to be partially due to changes in diagnostic practices and greater public awareness of autism, this does not fully explain the increased prevalence. Both genetic and environmental factors are believed to be partially responsible.
 
Dr. Talbott and her team interviewed 217 families of children with ASD and compared these findings with information from two separate sets of comparison families of children without ASD born during the same time period within the six-county area. The families lived in Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Washington and Westmoreland counties, and the children were born between 2005 and 2009.
 
One of the strengths of the study was the ability to have “two types of controls, which provided a comparison of representative air toxics in neighborhoods of those children with and without ASD,” said Dr. Talbott.
 
For each family, the team used the National Air Toxics Assessment (NATA) to estimate the exposure to 30 pollutants known to cause endocrine disruption or neurodevelopmental issues. NATA is the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) ongoing comprehensive evaluation of air toxics in the U.S., most recently conducted in 2005.
 
Based on the child’s exposure to concentrations of air toxics during the mother’s pregnancy and the first two years of life, the researchers noted that children who fell into higher exposure groups to styrene and chromium were at a 1.4- to two-fold greater risk of ASD, after accounting for the age of the mother, maternal cigarette smoking, race and education. Other NATA compounds associated with increased risk included cyanide, methylene chloride, methanol and arsenic. As these compounds often are found in combination with each other, further study is needed.
 
Styrene is used in the production of plastics and paints, but also is one of the products of combustion when burning gasoline in vehicles. Chromium is a heavy metal, and air pollution containing it typically is the result of industrial processes and the hardening of steel, but it also can come from power plants. Cyanide, methylene chloride, methanol and arsenic are all used in a number of industries or can be found in vehicle exhaust.
 
“Our results add to the growing body of evidence linking environmental exposures, such as air pollution, to ASD,” said Dr. Talbott. “The next step will be confirming our findings with studies that measure the specific exposure to air pollutants at an individual level to verify these EPA-modeled estimates.”

 
Most Pittsburgh house tours showcase beautiful interiors, tasteful design, and the glitz and glamour of bygone eras. The 2014 Pittsburgh Solar Tour is a home tour for the new Pittsburgh.
 
SOLAR_PGHtour2014_Goerman_150x150Join PennFuture to experience raw solar power, energy efficiency that saves real dollars, and gasoline-free transportation ideas. Along the way, meet homeowners who believe how their property operates is as important as how it looks.
 
The tour sites will be open on Saturday, October 18, from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. The self-guided event is free, but please register.
 
This year’s event has five featured tour sites. These locations are all solar-powered, but have a little extra for you to take in, including two American Institute of Architects award-winning homes, an urban homestead (complete with green roof and edible landscaping, Pittsburgh’s largest residential solar installation with a solar 101 seminar in the living room, and a solar-powered library with solar activities for kids and big plans for solar expansion.
 
You’ll also find a listing of solar open houses—these locations include solar homes and businesses with folks on site who will be thrilled to share their experiences with solar energy.
 
The tour is sponsored by Breathe Project coalition member Levin Furniture, whose Monroeville showroom has been powered by solar energy since 2004. Stop by their store—it’s on the tour!

 
How can Pittsburgh be a leader in building the bridge from our fossil fuel-based economy to an economy based on renewable energy and sustainable living?
 
Filmmaker and journalist Kirsi Jansa asks this question–arguably the most critical challenge of our time–about energy transition in her new series of short documentaries called “Sustainability Pioneers.” Jansa was the producer of “Gas Rush Stories,” short documentaries on shale gas exploration, and she continues on her mission to give a human face to our energy policy and energy legacy.
 
Sustainability Pioneers” is funded by The Heinz Endowments and The Fisher Fund of The Pittsburgh Foundation. It is produced in collaboration with The Institute for Green Science at Carnegie Mellon University.
 
The premiere of Sustainability Pioneers will take place at the Mellon Institute Auditorium at Carnegie Mellon on Tuesday, October 7 from 7-9 p.m. It will be followed by a presentation “Bridging to a Fossil Free Future” by Rachel Carson scholar and energy consultant Patricia DeMarco.
 
Another screening will follow on Wednesday, October 8 at Pittsburgh Filmmakers’ Melwood Screening Room at 477 Melwood Avenue in Oakland from 7-9 p.m. It will be followed by a panel discussion “How to Begin Energy Transition” featuring DeMarco; Grant Ervin, sustainability manager for the City of Pittsburgh; Hal Saville, energy project consultant at Independent Energy Solutions; and “solar citizen” Fred Kraybill.

 
For the third presentation in the series “Climate Change Here and Now,” scientist Ellis Robinson will investigate the origins and effects of atmospheric particles—unavoidable byproducts of the way our society creates and uses energy.
 
Robinson is a recent graduate of the doctoral program in chemistry and mechanical engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, as well as co-creater, producer and host of the science podcast “I Wonder.” He is a Science & Engineering Ambassador, a program of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering that aims to connect opinion leaders with local experts, building relationships at the community level on the topic of energy.
 
Often invisible to the naked eye, we notice the presence of atmospheric particles on hazy days or as smoke from a fire. But their impacts are felt far and wide, especially in southwestern Pennsylvania. Average levels of fine particle pollution in the Pittsburgh area rank in the worst 10 percent of monitored cities in the United States, according to analysis by the Clean Air Task Force. Particle pollution has been linked to wide-ranging health impacts, such as asthma, heart and lung disease, cancer, adverse birth outcomes and premature death.
 
Ellis will give a broad overview of the global significance of atmospheric particles and then focus on his research at Carnegie Mellon, where laboratory and field experiments (including research on the impact of wildfires) have begun to chip away at unsolved questions about how they form and evolve.
 
The event will take place on Tuesday, October 7 at 6 p.m. at Bar Marco’s Union Hall, 2216 Penn Avenue, Pittsburgh PA 15222.
 
Please RSVP by October 5.

A local company that offers state-of-the-art products for indoor air systems is doing its part to help improve our region’s outdoor air quality.

 

Watch the video herehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GCxasRQXtjc&list=UUopqc-QvhUkCLWLhDbcV_iA

 

DMI Companies has made sustainability a priority ever since its flagship company, Ductmate Industries, was founded in 1978. From inception, Ductmate’s DM35 flange introduced a level of efficiency that revolutionized the heating, ventilation and air conditioning field. The fledgling company took its duct flange—which decreased leakage in duct systems by 95 percent—and made it a model for sustainable business practices.

 

Today, DMI’s first-place finish in the medium business category of the 2013-2014 Pittsburgh Green Workplace Challenge continues the company’s green legacy. “We like to say our DNA is green,” CEO Ray Yeager says.
In 2004, DMI refurbished the First National Bank building in Charleroi, Washington County, turning the century-old building a model of efficiency and earning it historic landmark status. The finished corporate headquarters for DMI is a blend of antique fixtures—including the original crank elevator, security vaults and teller stations—and modern amenities.

 

For company owner Peter Arnoldt II, it was a point of pride that the office be both world-class and sustainable. The 26,000-square-foot space has a somewhat complex internal HVAC arrangement with six air handling systems; however, the office temperature is kept within one degree on all floors to control occupancy comfort and energy expenditure.

 

Following the advice of several internal energy audits, DMI refit the building’s windows, replaced incandescent light bulbs with fluorescent fixtures, eliminated space heaters and installed low-flow toilets and faucet aerators in bathrooms, among other efficiency measures.

 

The building draws energy from an array of tube-shaped solar panels on the recently retrofitted “green” roof. The whitewashed roof surface absorbs less heat than the dark materials from the previous roof and also reflects sunlight onto the solar panels, enabling their tube shape to absorb energy from all angles. These changes consistently earn the DMI headquarters an Energy Star score above 87—meaning it is more efficient than 87 percent of similar buildings.

 

Since 2007, overall energy consumed dropped in the office from 1.6 million kBtu—a combined measurement of natural gas and electricity use—to 1.25 million kBtu.

 

“We’ve worked to achieve such a high conservation and efficiency level that, in comparison to the average, we’re a bit ahead of the curve,” Arnoldt says.

 

Another lighting retrofit across the river at DMI’s Monongahela production facilities has reduced DMI’s energy consumption by 12 to 15 percent over the past two years at that location.

 

In addition to green infrastructure, DMI also encourages its employees to adopt practices in the workplace and at home that help contribute to cleaner air. Employees earn points in a yearly competition by making green choices, such as recycling, driving a hybrid car, and using washable dishware and reusable grocery bags. An annual awards luncheon recognizes top earners and features a raffle of prizes such as rain barrels, compost bins and gift cards to local sustainable restaurants.

 

Arnoldt describes DMI’s objectives as a triple bottom line approach that considers how a policy benefits the planet, people and the company’s profit.

 

“In the end, it’s the profits that are the most important,” he says. “If you don’t continue to focus on the profits…you’re not going to be in business very long to do the feel-good, warm and fuzzy initiatives that help out the people and the planet.”

 

Green initiatives approached responsibly always save money, according to Yeager, though they may require time and money to perfect. “If you do a return on investment analysis, which we do on all our projects, it is in fact a cost-savings in almost every case,” he says.

 

By Allison Keene, The Heinz Endowments Communications Intern

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    Headed out to #LightUpNight?

    Don't miss #ParticleFalls on the wall of the Benedum Center along Penn Avenue at 8th Street.

    SEEING IS BREATHING!

    Particle Falls: Seeing Is Breathing

    Artist Andrea Polli brings her artwork and real-time visualization of air quality data to Downtown Pittsburgh. What you see projected on the facade of the Be...

    Nov 21st 3:46pm • No Comments

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    Community Meeting w/ ACHD

    Wednesday, November 19th at 11:00pm

    Community Presbyterian Church of Ben Avon

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    Have you made your trip Downtown yet to see #ParticleFalls?!

    This amazing artwork reveals invisible pollutants in our air in real-time on the wall of Benedum Center through colored lights.

    Check it out from dusk until midnight through 12/31!

    (Photo: Scott Goldsmith)

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